TMJ Disorders

What is TMJ?

TMJ disorders or TMJDs result from damage that has occurred to one or both temporomandibular joints located in front of the ears on both sides of the face. It is a disorder that affects many adults, especially women ages 30-50. TMJ is very common affecting at least 33% of individuals.

What causes TMJ?

Mouth breathing is a significant cause of TMJ. When a person cannot nasally breathe, due to enlarged tonsils or allergies they breath through their mouth. Mouth breathing causes the tongue to rest incorrectly on the floor of the mouth.instead of the roof of the mouth. When the tongue doesn’t rest on the palate a lack of support the maxilla needs to form a proper U-shaped arch . What results is a maxilla collapse into a V-shaped arch, propelling the orofacial system off balance and the lower jaw is pushes back which dislocates the temporomandibular  disk causing TMJ.

  • Tongue-tie
  • Incorrect tongue resting posture and mouth breathing
  • Facial trauma
  • Arthritis
  • Dislocation
  • Poor dental health 
  • Structural jaw problems
  • Uneven bite 
  • Crooked teeth
  • Incorrect swallow
  • Lip biting
  • Lip chewing
  • Nail biting
  • Extraction of teeth for orthodontics
  • Genetics
  • Epigenetic changes
  • Age-related degeneration
  • Nutritional and dietary issues
  • Chronic stress
  • Postural and structural issues
  • Teeth clenching and grinding
  • Improper chewing or swallowing patterns
  • Malocclusion

Signs and symptoms of TMJ

Signs and symptoms of TMJ disorder include:

  • popping jaw and jaw pain
  • discomfort when chewing
  • lockjaw
  • frequent headaches
  • neck and facial pain
  • ringing in the ears
  • numbness in the fingers

Treatment for TMJ

Orofacial myofunctional therapy is used to treat TMJ. With orofacial myofunctional therapy one of the primary goals is to correct oral posture by toning and repatterning the head and neck muscles as well as to establish nasal breathing. When nasal breathing and oral posture are corrected, a balanced muscles and forward growth results. Doing the LEAST invasive treatment first is always best.

Contact us

Working Hours

Please contact us between 8am – 5pm. Note that we may be in session during those times.  We appreciate your patience!

2416 E Washington, Ste. C-5

Bloomington, IL 61704

Phone: 309-830-5925

Email:bashao@bnspeechtherapy.com

Web: bnspeechtherapy.com